Got everything ready and threw on the pack. Turned the corner to the project area and a mother moose with her calf was right there. After a bit of watching us she just went to grazing. So luckily we had another project component to check out rather than to flirt with getting trampled by an angry mother moose.
Thomas Jefferson’s pocket notebooks, composed of erasable ivory plates on which he would write scientific observations and memoranda before copying them into notebooks in the evening.
Post-fire archaeology. After a century or so of ignoring or dismissing tribal land management techniques, modern agencies have started using controlled burns to maintain prairie habitat in the Pacific Northwest. Eventually, they’ll amass enough data and experience to show what Native people already knew and what archaeologists have observed in the black, anthropogenic soils for decades: regular burning keeps a productive, sustainable, human-influenced system going.
Meanwhile, the burns create good visibility, and I take advantage to do fieldwork. Here at Mima Mounds, not far from Olympia, Washington, I failed to find ancient artifacts, but did learn the following:
- Waiting too long between burns means that when you do start up again, you’ll probably kill a few berry bushes and small trees (which may not be a problem, depending on your aims)
- The mid-1970s were the heyday of drinking beer at Mima
- Fire-cracked (or fire-modifed, or thermally altered) rock can result from fire on the landscape, and not necessarily intentional and specific human activity such as cooking.
Portions of the Gulf of Alaska and Bering Sea are close to 5 degrees F warmer than average — conditions that in the past have had a significant impact on Alaska fisheries.
Map Shows All of the Ways You Could Get Around Alaska in 1909
“This map of Alaska in 1909 shows all of the transportation and communication infrastructure in the territory at that early date: wagon roads, sled roads, pack trails, railroads, telegraph lines, and even some telephone lines. Wireless stations are noted; the 107-mile wireless radio connection across Norton Sound gets a special mention.
In the nineteenth century, native Alaskans and Russian settlers used the centuries-old tribal network of pack and dog trails. The 1896 discovery of gold in the Klondike turned the attention of American businessmen and developers north. Soon, the government took charge of developing infrastructure in the territory. “
Learn More at Slate’s The Vault
Map Shows All of the Ways You Could Get Around Alaska in 1909 On Land.
Below is a map from 1936 which depicts the available waterways taken by the Alaska Steamship Company. Most of these stops were established prior to 1909.
Female moon mask, ca. 1830–50 - Tlingit , possibly Sitka - Alaska
#bison #skull from my wonderful dear friend @douglaswitt I am honoured by your generous gift. THANK YOU! #humbled #gratitude #holyshitthatsabighead